Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Bhagalpur
Bihar Agricultural University, Sabour, Bhagalpur
ON FARM TRIAL (2017-18)

Agronomy

ON FARM TRIAL – I

  • Topic:    Performance of different wheat varieties under late sown irrigated conditions
  • Thematic area: Integrated crop improvement
  • Problem identified:  Non-availability of suitable varieties for specific situation like late sown irrigated condition
  • Background: 15-20% yield losses of wheat due to terminal heat, when sown in the December second week.
  • Hypothesis: Adoption of suitable varieties will enhance the production potentiality of irrigated late sown wheat crop
  • Details of technologies selected for assessment/refinement:

Farmers practice        :  Existing variety/farmers practice

Technology option – I : Sabour Srestha (BRW 934)

Technology option – II :   DBW-14 (Check)

Technology option – III  :  HI-1563 (Check) / HD-2985 (Check)

  • Source of technology: Bihar Agricultural University, Sabour
  • No. of Replication: 6
  • Plot Size:  200 m2 each plot
  • Critical Input:  Seeds, Fertilizers, pesticides, Bio-fertilizer and display board
  • Cost of Critical input: Rs 10,000.00
  • Performance indicator: Technical Observation: 
  1. Yield (q/ha)
  2. No. of tillers per m2
  3. No. of ears per m2
  4. 1000 grain weight (g)
  • Economic indicator
  1.  Gross return (Rs./ha)
  2. Net return (Rs./ha)
  3. B:C ratio

 

ON FARM TRIAL – II

  • Topic:    To assess the  suitable dose of fertilizer for rice
  • Thematic area: Nutrient management
  • Problem identified:  Imbalance dose of fertilizer use for the growing of rice crop, which gradually deteriorate the soil fertility and decrease the productivity
  • Background: Day by day deteriorate the soil fertility and decrease the rice productivity
  • Hypothesis: Use of balance fertilizer can be sustain soil fertility and productivity
  • Details of technologies selected for assessment/refinement:

Farmers practice        :  Fertilizer use by particular farmer

Technology option – I : Recommended dose of fertilizer

Technology option – II :   SSNM (by IRRI Crop Manager)

Technology option – III :   SSNM (by IPNI Nutrient Expert)

 

  • Source of technology: IRRI
  • No. of Replication: 5
  • Plot Size:  200 m2 each plot
  • Critical Input:  Seeds, Fertilizers, pesticides, Bio-fertilizer and display board
  • Cost of Critical input: Rs 10,000.00
  • Performance indicator: Technical Observation: 
  1. Yield (q/ha)
  2. No. of tillers per m2
  3. No. of ears per m2
  4. 1000 grain weight (g)
  • Economic indicator
    1.  Gross return (Rs./ha)
    2. Net return (Rs./ha)
    3. B:C ratio

 

ON FARM TRIAL –III

  • Topic:    To assess the  performance of hybrid paddy(Variety Arize- 6444 gold) yield under revised recommendation of fertilizer dose 
  • Thematic area: Nutrient management
  • Problem identified:  Recommendation dose of fertilizer i.e. 120:60:40 kg/ha N, P2O5 and K2O not shown best result. The expert team suggest in 11th Research Council Meeting of University to assess the newly recommendation (i.e. 140:55:50 kg/ha N, P2O5 and K2O) effect on hybrid paddy yield.
  • Background: Day by day deteriorate the soil fertility and decrease the rice productivity
  • Hypothesis: Use of balance fertilizer can be sustain soil fertility and productivity
  • Details of technologies selected for assessment/refinement:

Farmers practice        :  80:40:10 kg/ha N, P2O5 and K2O

Technology option – I : 120:60:40 kg/ha N, P2O5 and K2O

Technology option – II :   140:55:50 kg/ha N, P2O5 and K2O

 

  • Source of technology: Bihar Agricultural University Sabour, Bhagalpur
  • No. of Replication: 8
  • Plot Size:  200 m2 each plot
  • Critical Input:  Seeds, Fertilizers, pesticides, Bio-fertilizer and display board
  • Cost of Critical input: Rs 10,000.00
  • Performance indicator:
  • Technical Observation:        
  • Yield (q/ha)
  • No. of tillers per m2
  • No. of ears per m2
  • 1000 grain weight (g)
  • Economic indicator
  • Gross return (Rs./ha)
  • Net return (Rs./ha)
  • B:C ratio

 

 

ON FARM TRIAL – IV

  • Topic :           Evaluation of rabi maize productivity under high fertility level and high plant density in Bhagalpur
  • Thematic area : Crop management under high fertility and high plant density
  • Problem identified :  Refining fertility level and plant population of rabi hybrid maize
  • Background : Day by day deteriorate the soil fertility and decrease the rabi maize productivity
  • Hypothesis : Use of balance fertilizer and plant density can be sustain soil fertility and productivity
  • Details of technologies selected for assessment/refinement:

Farmers practice:                         General cultivation at 60×20 cm spacing with 120:75:50 kg/ha N, P2O5 and K2O

Technology option -I :               50×20 cm spacing with 150:93.75:62.5 kg/ha N, P2O5 and K2O

Technology option-II :               40×20 cm spacing with 150:93.75:62.5 kg/ha N, P2O5 and K2O

Technology option-III :              50×20 cm spacing with 180:112.5:75 kg/ha N, P2O5 and K2O

Technology option-IV :             40×20 cm spacing with 180:112.5:75 kg/ha N, P2O5 and K2O

(Note: Isobilateral leaf type maize hybrids Variety eg. DKC 9155, DKC 9135, Pioneer 3522 use )

  • Source of technology : Bihar Agricultural University Sabour, Bhagalpur
  • No. of Replication : 4
  • Plot Size :  250 m2 each plot
  • Critical Input:  Seeds, Fertilizers, pesticides, Bio-fertilizer and display board
  • Cost of Critical input : Rs 10,000.00
  • Performance indicator:
  • Technical Observation         
  • Grain Yield (q/ha)
  • No. of grains/cob
  • 1000 grain weight (g)
  • Economic indicator
  • Gross return (Rs./ha)
  • Net return (Rs./ha)
  • B:C ratio

 

 

 Animal Science

ON FARM TRIAL – V

  • Topic:    Evaluation of different line of treatment in organized Goat farm to check           the mortality percentage.
  • Thematic area: Disease management
  • Problem identified: Higher mortality rate.
  • Background: Organized goat farmer of KVK Bhagalpur recorded higher mortality.
  • Hypothesis: Effective and scientific rearing of goats reduces the mortality %.
  • Details of technologies selected for assessment/refinement: 2
    • Farmers practice                  :  No uses of any de-wormer and vaccine
    • Technology option – I    : (i) De-worming twice in a year at 6 month of interval (fenbendazole@7.5 mg/kg body wt. & Ivermectin 1ml/50 kg body wt.

 (ii) Vaccination of Enterotoxaemia and PPR

    • Technology option– II :  (i) De-worming thrice in a year at 4 month of interval (Fenbendazole @ 12.5 mg/kg body wt. followed by Ivermectin 1 ml/50 kg body wt on 21st day + after six month (Albendazole/Mebendazole)

                                                                               (ii) Vaccination of Enterotoxaemia and PPR

(iii) Rotational grazing

  • Source of technology: E.J.L Soulsby
  • No. of animals: 30
  • Critical Input: Drugs, vaccine and others miscellaneous items
  • Cost of Critical input: Rs. 12000.00
  • Observation taken :     (i) No. of mortality

(ii) Wt. gain

(iii) Incidence of parasitic infection

 (iv) Neo-natal mortality

 

 

 

 


 

 

ON FARM TRIAL-VI

  • Title: Evaluation of different composition of fish feed on Growth and production of fish.
  • Problem identified: Lower production due to improper feeding.
  • Background: Operational area of KVK Bhagalpur fish  farmer rearing fish unscientifically.
  • Hypothesis: Irregular feeding reduced the productivity of Fish.
  • Technology Option: 2
    • Farmers Practice     : Farmers rearing fish with occasional use of cow dung and mustard oil cake
    • Technology Option I       : use of cow dung @ 5000kg/ha in 7 divided doses with regular feeding with mustard oil Cake + Rice Bran in 1:1 ratio @ 3% of stock
    • Technology Option II     :  use of cow dung @ 5000kg/ha in 7 divided  doses with regular feeding with mustard oil cake + Rice Bran in 70 : 30 ratio  @ 3%and Micronutrient @ 50 lt. / ha. of stock
  • Source          : CIFE, Mumbai
  • No. of farmer : 6
  • Critical input required: fish and feeds
  • Cost of critical input :             20000
  • Parameter to be recorded: weight of fish at fifteen days interval and total productivity in a cycle.

 

ON FARM TRIAL-VII

  • Title: Evaluation of performance of different line of treatment against mastitis in cross bred cow.
  • Problem identified: Higher incidence of mastitis
  • Background: Dairy farmers of KVK Bhagalpur use traditional methods of treatments.
  • Hypothesis: Effective and scientific line of treatment reduces the reoccurrence/ cure of mastitis.
  • Technology Option: 2
    • Farmers Practice     : Uses of (Lemon + Soda + Alum) solution for drinking
    • Technology Option I   :  Ceftiafore sodium (2.2 mg/kg body wt. for five days)
    • Technology Option II : Cefquionone  ( 1 ml/25 kg body wt. for 3 days)   
    • Technology Option III                :  Phytolycca (200 cc, 10 drop into three time for first three days then one time for next four days)
  • Source          : BVC, Patna
  • No. of goat : 40
  • Critical input required: Drugs, and others miscellaneous items
  • Cost of critical input : 20000.00
  • Parameter to be recorded:  (i) Quality of milk

(ii) Re-infection

 

 

Home Science

ON FARM TRIAL – VIII

  • Topic:    Assessment of gender sensitization on different line of treatment on post harvest quality  of pointed gourd
  • Thematic area: value addition.
  • Problem identified: Pointed gourd grower/seller of Bhagalpur district in using artificial coloring agent enhance its texture, make them look attractive and also to enhance shelf life which are harmful for human health.
  • Background: Pointed gourd is a perishable nature of vegetable. If it is harvested immature it shrinks & if harvested mature it ripen. Marketing of pointed gourd is a problem due to its low keeping quality.
  • Hypothesis: Sensitization of gender on Knowledge about eco-friendly techniques of keeping pointed gourd fresh and attractive will help the adoption of eco-friendly agent rather than harmful chemical.
  • Details of technologies selected for assessment/refinement: 3
    • Farmers practice                 :  Artificial colour by wing CuSo4
    • Technology option – I       :  Treatment with SNP (Sodium Nitropruside) – with male member
    • Technology option – II     :  Treatment with SNP (Sodium Nitropruside) – with female member
    • Technology option – III :  Treatment with SNP (Sodium Nitropruside) – with both male and female group
  • Source of technology: BAU, Sabour
  • No. of Replication: 10
  • Plot Size: 15 Kg/ replication
  • Critical Input: SNP, Pointed gourd
  • Cost of Critical input: 6000
  • Observation taken: Keeping quality, colour, firmness, rate of ripening/shrinkage, farmer reaction.


 

 

ON FARM TRIAL –IX

  • Topic:    Assessment of vegetable harvesting mittens
  • Thematic area: Location specific drudgery reduction technologies
  • Problem identified: Vegetable harvesting is performed manually only by the farm women. It is tedious & drudgery prone activities. Harvesting of Vegetable found to be very difficult activity for farm women due to pricking of thorns & prickles and skin contact of natural secretion of plant and insecticides to the fingers and arms wounds, skin irritation and rashes itching were common occupational health problem faced during vegetable harvesting.
  • Background: It was found that in Bhagalpur District farm women who are engaged in Vegetable harvesting, they suffer common occupational health problem due to pricking of thorns & prickles and skin contact of natural secretion of plant and insecticides to the fingers and arms wounds, skin irritation and rashes itching etc during manually harvesting of vegetables.
  • Hypothesis: Knowledge about occupational health hazards and techniques of reducing these hazards will help the adoption of vegetable harvesting mittens rather than manually harvesting of vegetables.
  • Details of technologies selected for assessment/refinement:
  • Farmers practice              :  Manually vegetable harvesting
  • Technology Option 1 : vegetable harvesting mittens developed by C.H.Sc, VNMKV, Parbhani
  • Technology Option2 : vegetable harvesting mittens developed by C.H.Sc, MPUAT, Udaipur
  • Technology Option3 : vegetable harvesting mittens developed by C.H.Sc, PAU, Ludhiana
  • Source of technology: College of home Science, VNMKV, Parbhani & College of Home Science, MPUAT, Udaipur and PAU, Ludhiana, Punjab
  • No. of Replication: 10
  • Critical Input: : vegetable harvesting mittens developed by C.H.Sc, VNMKV, Parbhani & C.H.Sc, MPUAT, Udaipur and C.H.Sc, PAU, Ludhiana
  • Cost of Critical input: 10000
  • Observation taken: Farmer reaction, occupational health hazard problem faced during farm activities, overall discomfort and time requirement.

 

 

 

ON FARM TRIAL – X

  • Topic:    Assessment of protective clothing and accessories for farm works and pesticide applicators
  • Thematic area: Location specific drudgery reduction technologies
  • Problem identified: Exposure of dust/husk and pesticides is one of the most important occupational risks among farm workers. Most of the farmers have small land holdings therefore activities like sowing, transplantation, weeding, manuring, pesticide application, harvesting etc. are performed manually. Both males and females work hand-in-hand during most of the farm activities. Agricultural workers are at increased risk for a variety of illnesses including respiratory disorders and demographic conditions due to exposure to extreme weather conditions, exposure to dust and husk, difficult working postures, lengthy working hours and use of hazards agricultural tools machinery and chemicals.
  • Background: It was found that in Bhagalpur District farmers Agricultural workers are at increased risk for a variety of illnesses including exposure of dust/husk and pesticides.
  • Hypothesis: Knowledge about occupational health hazards and techniques of reducing these hazards will help the adoption of protective clothing and accessories for farm works and pesticide applicators.
  • Details of technologies selected for assessment/refinement:
  • Technology Option 1 – No protective cloth
  • Technology Option 2 – Protective cloth developed by AICPRP on Home Science, CCSHAU, Hisar
  • Technology Option 3 – Protective cloth developed by AICRP on Home Science UAS, Dharwad
  • Technology Option 4 – Protective cloth developed by TADIC college of Home Science, CCSHAU, Hisar
  •  Technology Option 5 – Protective cloth developed by GBPUA&T Pantnagar
  • Source of technology: AICPRP on Home Science, CCSHAU, Hisar, AICRP on Home Science UAS, Dharwad, TADIC college of Home Science, CCSHAU, Hisar and GBPUA&T Pantnagar.
  • No. of Replication: 10
  • Critical Input: Protective cloth developed by AICPRP on Home Science, CCSHAU, Hisar, AICRP on Home Science UAS, Dharwad, TADIC college of Home Science, CCSHAU, Hisar and GBPUA&T Pantnagar.
  • Cost of Critical input: 10000
  • Observation taken: Farmer reaction, occupational health hazard  problem faced during farm activities, overall discomfort.

 

ON FARM TRIAL –XI

  • Topic:    Study on gender sensitization in agricultural development
  • Thematic area: Others (Gender sensitization)
  • Problem identified:
  • Background: The term gender is not synonym with women or men. It refers to the socially constructed relationship between women or men. Agriculture is be and large an enterprise which engages women and men in different activities with having degrees of their participation and involves both self-employment and ware employment and accordingly requires precise information about who does what. Gender is an important factor in allocation of roles, states and power in all societies. In agriculture the tasks are organised on the basis of status and men on the farm in the family and in the society. Accordingly an understanding of gender is of importance for gender sensitization in agriculture.
  • Details of Activity for assessment/refinement: 3
    • Activity – I          :  Preparing gender sensitization frame work for agricultural development
    • Activity – II     :  Identification of factors affecting agricultural development
    • Activity – III :  Recording gender based information
  • Source of technology: Directorate of extension, Deptt. Of Agri. & cooperation, MoA, GoI, New Delhi.

 

 

Agriculture Engineering              

ON FARM Trial – XII

(Rabi)

  • Topic: Performance evaluation of hand operated weeder in major crop of the district.
  • Problems identified: Weed is the problem in major crop like Maize, Wheat & Potato farmer of the district especially marginal farmer are not using chemicals. Farmer are mainly using khurpi and spade for weed control & interculturing. This practice enhances the cost of production.
  • Hypothesis Formulated: The practice of hand operated weeder reduces the cost of cultivation of major crop.
  • Farming Situation : Irrigated              
  • Crop Name: Maize (Rabi), Wheat, Wheat & Potato
  • Technology Option  :

Farmers’ Practice                     : Weeding & interculturing the crop through Khurpi & Small Spade field capacity of the Khurpi or spade for Maize & Wheat is 0.016 ha./day in Potato 0.008 ha./day & in operation man power involves. The enhance the cost of production of the crop.          

Technology Option I               :  Weeding of crop through twine wheel hoe     

Technology Option II             : Weeding of crop through cycle wheel hoe (developed by CIAE,Bhopal)

Technology Option III            :  Weeding of crop through refined cycle wheel hoe by KVK, BHagalpur                 

  • Source of Technology                    : CIAE Bhopal            
  • Design : RBD
  • Replication : 10
  • Total area : 4 ha
  • Critical input required : Seed, fertiliser, twine wheel hoe & cycle hoe etc.
  • Cost of intervention : Rs. 3000/-
  • Total Cost of intervention : Rs. 30,000/-
  • Performance indicator: Density and wt. of weed before & after inter culturing, yield attribute & B:C  ratio.

 

 

 


 

 

ON FARM Trial –XIII

  • Topic: Effect of Conservation tillage on yield & income of paddy crop.  
  • Problems identified: In present scenario uneven distribution & labour crisis occurs delay in planting of paddy. The method of transplanting also enhance the cost of production with poor yield  
  • Hypothesis Formulated: The conservation tillage minimise the cost of production enhance the yield.
  • Farming Situation : Irrigated
  • Technology Option  :

Farmers’ Practice                     : Manual transplanting  

Technology Option I               : Sowing of rice by direct seeded rice machine

Technology Option II             : Sowing of sprouted seed by     drum seeder

  • Source of Technology   : PAU, Ludhiana        
  • Design : RBD
  • Replication : 10
  • Total area : 4 ha
  • Critical input required : Seed, fertiliser, & machine operation etc.
  • Cost of intervention : Rs. 3000/-
  • Total Cost of intervention : Rs.30,000/-
  • Performance indicator: yield attribute, labour savings & B:C  ratio.

 

 

ON FARM Trial – XIV

  • Topic: Performance evaluation of solar drying system
  • Thematic area: Small scale processing and value addition
  • Problems identified: Unhygienic produce, market glut, low income to the farmer, unhygienic sale, lack of knowledge for appropriate drying, not proper packaging, gate keeper for protection of item.
  • Background: Cauliflower is cultivated in Bhagalpur in 1438 ha area with total production around 23296 MT. It is a rich source of minerals, vitamins and antioxidants, as well as phytochemicals. It has got peak season during Sept. to March. 
  • Hypothesis Formulated: Solar cabinet drying system enhances the quality of cauliflower in comparison to sun-drying with respect to nutritive value, appearance and hygiene.
  • Farming Situation: Farmers are using sun-drying system, which requires manpower just for checking animals and the final product keeping value as well as quality is very low.
  • Crop: Cauliflower
  • Technology Option  : 2

Farmers’ Practice                     :       Farmer are well aquainted with drying of produce like cauliflower in direct sunlight, they occurs unhygienic produce. 

Technology Option I               :       Blanching with solar cabinet dryer using plastic as transparent media

Technology Option II             :       Blanching with solar cabinet dryer using glass as transparent media

  • Source of Technology                    :       IIT Kharagpur
  • Design: RBD
  • Replication : 10
  • Critical input required : Sun cabinet dryers with plastic and glass as transparent medium
  • Cost of intervention : Rs. 2000/-
  • Total Cost of intervention : Rs.20,000/-
  • Performance indicator : quality of cauliflower, moisture content removal (w.b.) rate, product recovery

 

Horticulture

ON FARM TRIAL – XV

  • Topic:    Assessment of different treatments against thrips and mites
  • Thematic area: ICM (Scientific cultivation/Disease free cultivation of chilli)
  • Problem identified: Bhagalpur has large area under chilli cultivation. It is major cash crop. Due to poor management crop loss occur by 45%
  • Background: Farmer uses only mineral fertilizer, no seeding treatment no use of compost/organically produced compost indiscriminate. Use of fartilizer and insecticide and fungicide also.
  • Hypothesis: If all these management practices are covered crop loss by 45%can be covered.
  • Details of technologies selected for assessment/refinement:

Farmers practice        :  Indiscriminate use of insecticide and fungicide. During cultivation they are not using compost

Technology option – I              :  Vermicompost 300g/plant+seedling treatment with 0.5% imidacloprid + Carbandazim 0.2% + spraying of Thiomethaxame (0.2%) after 35 days of planting + Azadracting (0.5%) after 20 days of previous spray + Oomite (0.2%) after 15 days of  previous spray + vermiwash (0.5 %) after 15 days of previous spray

Technology option – II            :  Poultry manure 100 grm per plant + seedling treatment with 0.5% imidacloprid + Carbandazim 0.2% + spraying of Thiomethaxame (0.2%) after 35 days of planting + Azadracting (0.5%) after 20 days of previous spray + Oomite (0.2%) after 15 days of  previous spray + vermiwash (0.5 %) after 15 days of previous spray

Technology option –III            : Compost 300g/plant+seedling treatment with 0.5% imidacloprid + Carbandazim 0.2% + spraying of Thiomethaxame (0.2%) after 35 days of planting + Azadracting (0.5%) after 20 days of previous spray + Oomite (0.2%) after 15 days of  previous spray + vermiwash (0.5 %) after 15 days of previous spray

Technology option –IV            : Recommended dose of fertilizer (120:60:60)+ seedling treatment with 0.5% imidacloprid + Carbandazim 0.2% + spraying of Thiomethaxame (0.2%) after 35 days of planting + Azadracting (0.5%) after 20 days of previous spray + Oomite (0.2%) after 15 days of  previous spray + vermiwash (0.5 %) after 15 days of previous spray

  • Source of technology: Technology is refined by KVK Scientist on the feedback of farmers
  • No. of Replication: 20
  • Plot Size: 2000 m2
  • Critical Input: Different medicines + Compost, Vermicompost + Poultry menure
  • Cost of Critical input: Rs. 15000/-
  • Performance indicator: Disease incidence, yield and economics

 

 

ON FARM TRIAL – XVI

  • Topic:      Management of Sigatoka  Disease in Banana
  • Thematic area: ICM (Scientific cultivation Banana)
  • Problem identified: Large area under banana cultivation every year disease occur between June-July cause heavy loss of farmer in yield and quality both.
  • Background: If proper use of fertilizer and antifungiced is used it can be controlled successfully.
  • Hypothesis: If proper management is done that enhance the quality of fruit and economics both .
  • Details of technologies selected for assessment/refinement:

Farmers practice              :  No awareness about balance use of fertilizer and antifungus drug   

Technology option – I    :  Spray of copperoxychloride 3g/lit after first rain+ Soil treatment with trichoderma viridi

Technology option – II  : Spraying of corbendazin 2g/litr + Stiker + shampoo + Soil treatment with trichoderma viridie

Technology option –III  : Spraying of with Hexagonazol 0.5 ml/lt. with  Soil treatment with trichoderma viridi

  • Source of technology: BAU, Sabour
  • No. of Replication:  20
  • Plot Size:   2000 sq. ft.
  • Critical Input:  Different drugs
  • Cost of Critical input: Rs. 15000/-
  • Performance indicator: Disease incidence, yield and economics