Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Bhagalpur
Bihar Agricultural University, Sabour, Bhagalpur

OFFICE, DISTRICT AGRICULTURE OFFICER, BHAGALPUR

Bhagalpur

District level data on agriculture, livestock and farming situation

Major farming systems/enterprises

Sl. No

Farming system/enterprise

Fallow crops

1.

Paddy – Wheat

Dhaincha

2.

Paddy – Maize

Dhaincha

3.

Maize – Wheat

Lentil + Rye, Pea + Rye

4.

Banana – Maize

Potato – Onion

5.

Paddy – Onion

Cauliflower – Cucurbits

6.

Pigeon Pea  –  Sorghum

-

7.

Paddy – lentil

-

8.

Paddy – Mustard

-

9.

Arhar (Pigeon Pea) + Sorghum

-

10.

Dairy, Goatery, Poultry, Fishery

-

Description of Agro-climatic Zone (based on soil and topography)

Sl.

Agro-climatic Zone

Characteristics

1.

Zone – III B

The climate of this zone, lying south of river Ganga is sub-humid, sub-tropical monsoon type of climate with a well marked rainy season of four months

2.

Zone – II

(Naugachhia Sub-division)

The climate of this zone, lying north of river Ganga is Sub-humid, subtropical with well marked rainy season. Climate is ranging from sub dry and sub-humid conditions

Source – NARP

Description of agro ecological situations

Sl.

No

Agro ecological situation

Characteristics

1.

Diara

Low land diara is flooded every year for about four months (July – October). Medium diara is generally flooded every year, however, upland diara flooded twice in five years for shorter period (mid Aug – Mid Sept.). Uncertain onset & recession of flood causes complete failure of early kharif crops and only one crop (rabi) in a year is certain

2.

Tal

The tal lands are basin shaped inundated and water retained for a very short period due to fast depletion of soil moisture after recession of flood water, less time is available for land preparation and sowing rabi crops

3.

Alluvial Plains

The land is almost levelled having slope of 0 – 3 % and the area is suited to rice cultivation

 

 

 

Soil types

Sl. No.

Soil types

Characteristics

1.

Diara

Light textured, well drained with free CaCO3 varying between 3 to 8 %

2.

Tal

Grey to dark grey in colour, poor in drainage medium to heavy in texture. Slightly to moderately alkaline in reaction crack during summer – Sabour

3.

Alluvial Plains

Grey – Greyish yellow heavy textured soils with cracking

 

Area, Production and Productivity of major crops cultivated in the district

A. Crop Production

Sl. No

Crop

Area (ha)

Production (MT)

Productivity (Qt/ha)

1.

Kharif

 

 

 

Paddy

29519.00

56697.00

19.21

Maize

16197.00

79763.00

49.45

Pulses

10271.00

11197.00

48.36

2.

Rabi

 

 

 

Wheat

46947.00

127388.00

27.13

Maize

18475.00

141167.00

76.41

Pulses

4655.00

4405.00

56.74

Source : District Agriculture Office, Bhagalpur      

B. Horticulture 

Sl. No

Crop

Area (ha)

Production (T)

Productivity (T/ha)

1.

Fruits

 

 

 

Mango

8686

86860.00

9.50

Guava

25

11.20

0.45

Banana

6523

296796.50

45.5

Source : District Horticulture Office, Bhagalpur